Full effect and multi-function — Chinese wolfberry

Morphological characteristics Deciduous shrub, up to 2m high. Many branches, slender branches, arched, ribbed, often spiny. Simple leaves alternate or clustered, ovate lanceolate or ovate elliptic, entire, apex acute or obtuse, surface light green. Flowers purple, funnel-shaped, corolla 5-lobed, lobes longer than tube, ciliate, calyx 3-5 lobed, flowers solitary or clustered in leaf axils. Berry egg shaped or oblong, dark red or orange red.
① Lycium barbarum L
It is the dry and mature fruit of Ningxia Lycium barbarum L. It is oval or spindle shaped, slightly compressed, 1.5-2 cm long, 4-8 mm in diameter. The surface is bright red to dark red, with irregular wrinkles, slightly shiny, and one end is marked with white fruit stalks. The meat is soft, with many yellow seeds inside; It is flat like a kidney. Odorless, sweet, chewed saliva dyed red and yellow. It is better to have large grains, thick meat, few seeds, red color and soft texture. It is mainly produced in Ningxia, and the best is produced in Zhongning, Ningxia, so it is called Zhongning Lycium barbarum or Ningxia Lycium barbarum.
② Jinlycium barbarum
Also known as Jinxueji and Duqi. It is the dried and mature fruit of Lycium barbarum L. It is oval or cylindrical, with slightly pointed ends, 1-1.5 cm long and 3-5 mm in diameter. The surface is bright red or dark red, with irregular wrinkles and no luster. It is soft and slightly moist, and contains most seeds. The shape of the seeds is similar to that of the previous one. Odorless and sweet. It is better to have large grains, thick meat, few seeds, red color and soft texture. Small grain, thin meat, many seeds and gray red color were inferior. It is mainly produced in Hebei. In addition, it is also produced in Henan, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Shanxi, Jiangsu and other places. In addition to the above varieties, there are also “Ganzhouzi” produced in Gansu, which is the fruit of Lycium turcomanicum Turcz., a plant from Turkmenistan, and L. potaniniiPojark., a plant from Northwest China; The “Ancient Town” produced in Xinjiang is Lycium barbarum L The fruit of dasy stemum Pojark. is used locally as lycium barbarum. The dried fruit is oblong or ovoid, 6-9mm long, 2-4mm in diameter, dark red on the surface, with irregular wrinkles and no luster. It is slightly soft and contains many seeds. Odorless, sweet and sour.
Microscopic identification
Cross section of pericarp: there is a row of cells in the exocarp, the tangential wall is thickened, non lignified or slightly lignified, the exocarp is covered with cuticle, and the outer margin is denticulate. The mesocarp consists of more than 10 rows of cells, containing many orange red pigment granules, some containing calcium oxalate sand crystals; The vascular bundles are double tough, mostly circular, and the vessels are few and small. Endocarp cells are in a row, round like or slightly tangential, arranged in a wavy shape. Vascular bundles are scattered in the thin wall tissues of the fruit diaphragm and the placentation axile, and some vascular bundles have more vessels.
Fruit powder
Yellow orange or reddish brown. ① Epidermis of seed coat is light yellow, the cross section looks like square or flat square, the outer wall is thin, mucilaginous, and the lateral and inner walls are thickened; Irregular polygon or long polygon in surface view, deep wave or microwave bending of vertical wall, 5~27 thick μ m。 ② The section of epicarp epidermal cells looks like square or rectangular; The surface looks like a polygon or a long polygon. The vertical wall is slightly thick, straight or wavy curved, and the surface of the outer flat wall has fine parallel microwave like horny stripes. ③ The cell boundary of mesocarp wall is not very clear, and the cell cavity contains orange red or red brown pigment granules; Some contain calcium oxalate sand crystals. ④ Endosperm cells are polygonal, containing orange fat oil drops and aleurone particles. In addition, a single scattered stone cell can be seen in the pericarp, with a large cell cavity and obvious pits, grooves and laminations. This product is best for those with large grain, thick pulp, few seeds, red color and soft texture. The Pharmacopoeia of the People’s Republic of China (1995) stipulates that impurities shall not exceed 1%.
Jiangji Ganoderma lucidum goes to Ningxia Zhongning Lycium barbarum
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The medicinal function plays an important role in the traditional medicine of the motherland, and its medicinal value has been highly praised by physicians of all ages. It is a traditional precious Chinese medicine and nutritional tonic. Lycium barbarum L. can effectively inhibit the generation of cancer cells and can be used for cancer prevention and treatment. Lycium barbarum is not only used as a traditional Chinese medicine, but also a food and medicine article stipulated by the Ministry of Health. Lycium barbarum has been widely used as medicine for a long time. Modern medical research has proved that Lycium barbarum has 16 functions, including immune regulation, anti-oxidation, anti-aging, anti-tumor, anti fatigue, blood lipid lowering, blood sugar lowering, blood pressure lowering, kidney tonifying, liver protecting, eye brightening, skin nourishing, brain strengthening, detoxification, reproductive system protection, and radiation damage resistance.
Source: It is the mature fruit of Lycium barbarum, a dicotyledonous plant of Solanaceae.
[Efficacy]: It can nourish the kidney and essence, nourish the liver and eyesight, replenish blood and calm the nerves, stimulate fluid and quench thirst, moisten the lungs and stop coughing.
[Indications]: It can cure yin deficiency of liver and kidney, aching waist and knees, dizziness, dizziness, dizziness, excessive tears, cough due to fatigue, thirst and spermatorrhea. ① Tao Hongjing: “It can replenish vital energy and strengthen vagina.” ② “On Medicinal Properties”: “It can replenish the deficiency of essence, change color, whiten, brighten eyes, and calm nerves.” ③ Diet Therapy Materia Medica: “Tough tendons can resist aging. It can remove wind, strengthen muscles and bones, help people enter and eliminate fatigue.” ④ Wang Haogu: “It focuses on heart disease, heartache, thirst and drinking, and kidney disease.” ⑤ Compendium of Materia Medica: “Nourish the kidney, moisten the lungs and brighten the eyes.” ⑥ “Herbal Description”: “It can cure liver wind and blood deficiency, red, painful, itchy and faint eyes.” It can cure stroke, dizziness, fatigue, blood syndrome, cough, blood, flaccidity, syncope, contracture, miasma, dryness, spermatorrhea, red, white and muddy, beriberi, crane knee wind. “
[Nature and Taste Classics]: Gan, Ping. ① “Bie Lu”: “Slightly cold, non-toxic.” ② On the Nature of Medicine: “It tastes sweet and smooth.” ③ Diet Herb: “Cold, non-toxic.” Enter the liver and kidney meridians. ① The Collection of Materia Medica: “Enter the Feet Shaoyin and Feet Jueyin Meridians.” ② “Materia Medica Classic Interpretation”: “Enter the Foot Shaoyin Kidney Channel and the Hand Shaoyin Heart Channel.” ③ “Dispensing of Essential Medicines”: “It enters the liver and stomach meridians, and also the lung meridians.”
【 Usage and dosage 】: Take orally: decoction, 2-4 yuan; Boil cream, soak in wine or put into pills or powder.
[Drugs should not be used]: It should not be taken by those with excessive heat due to external evil, dampness due to spleen deficiency and diarrhea. ① The Classic of Materia Medica: “The spleen and stomach are weak, and those who have diarrhea from time to time are not allowed to enter.” ② “Materia Medica Collection”: “Those with cold phlegm in the spleen and stomach are not allowed to enter.” ③ The Sutra Encounters the Source: “Those who are weak in yuan yang qi and weak in yin and slippery in spirit should use it with caution.” ④ Summary of Materia Medica: “Good cultivated land.”
[Drug compatibility]: With chrysanthemum, it can be used to make eyes dim when the liver and kidney are damaged. The eyes can generate clouds, and it can help to brighten the eyes. The cooked Rehmannia glutinosa can be used as a match. It can be used to treat waist and knee weakness, irregular menstruation, spermatorrhea, premature senility, dizziness, tinnitus, and dizziness due to insufficient blood essence of liver and kidney. It can be used for cough and throat dryness caused by yin injury of lung and stomach, tuberculosis caused by yin deficiency, thirst quenching and yin injury caused by heat disease. It is used with ligustrum lucidum for dizziness, blurred vision, clouded eyes or sudden blindness, early white hair, weak waist and knees, etc. It can be used with dodder seed to treat kidney essence deficiency, liver blood loss, blindness, premature ejaculation, dizziness, tinnitus and lumbago. With polygonum multiflorum, it can soothe liver and kidney, replenish essence and blood, and strengthen tendons. With ophiopogon japonicus, it can be used to treat heat disease, yin deficiency, lung dryness, and thirst quenching. It has a coordinating effect. With polygonatum, it can nourish yin and blood. Lycium barbarum helps polygonatum nourish yin and moisten lung. Polygonatum helps wolfberry nourish yin and blood.
[Alias]: Gou Qizi (Collection of Herbal Classics), Beet (Salvation Herb), Bazi (Supplement of Tibetan Medicine), Red Green Pepper, Ju Tiao Zi (Henan Traditional Chinese Medicine Manual), Gou Nai (Jiangsu Phyto Medica Record), Chinese wolfberry fruit (Hebei Herbal Medicine), Diguzi, Gou eggplant (Shanxi Traditional Chinese Medicine Record), Red Earrings, Blood Lycium Fruit (Traditional Chinese Medicine Manual), Gou Di Bud (Sichuan Traditional Chinese Medicine Manual), Gou beans Blood Qi Zi (Materia Medica). The original plant Lycium barbarum (the “Book of Songs”) is also known as: Chinese wolfberry (the “Book of Songs”), Chinese loropetalum chinense (the “Mao Shi Zhuan”), Chinese wolfberry (the “Book of Songs”), Chinese wolfberry (the “Wu Pu Ben Cao”), Chinese wolfberry, Gouru, Dijin (the “Guangya”), Xiangchai, Chunlu, Xianrenzhang, Quelao, Tianjing (the “Baopu Zi”), Queshu (the “Bielu”), Dixian (the “Rihuazi Ben Cao”), Chinese wolfberry (the “Ben Cao Yan Yi”), Goudi Bud (the “Herb Fa Fang”), Pomegranaceae, Shishoushu

  1. Chinese wolfberry
    Fruits of Lycium barbarum, a shrub of Solanaceae, and Ningxia Lycium barbarum. It is also called lycium barbarum for short. Lycium barbarum is distributed in most areas of China; Ningxia wolfberry is distributed in Gansu, Ningxia, Xinjiang, Inner Mongolia, Qinghai and other places. The fruits are harvested when they are ripe in summer and autumn. Wash and use fresh, or dry for standby.
    [Performance] Sweet in taste and flat in nature. It can nourish the liver and kidney, improve blood essence and eyesight.
    [Reference] It contains betaine, amino acid, carotene, vitamins B1, B2, C, calcium, phosphorus, iron, etc.
    In mice with liver injury induced by carbon tetrachloride, the extract can slightly inhibit the deposition of fat in liver cells and promote the regeneration of liver cells. It has the effect of lowering cholesterol and can slightly prevent the formation of experimental atherosclerosis in rabbits.
    [Use] It is used for liver and kidney deficiency, insufficient blood essence, weak waist and knees, dizziness, tinnitus, spermatorrhea and infertility; Kidney deficiency and essence deficiency, dry mouth, frequent urination and red tongue; The blood essence can not help the eyes. The eyes are dim and the vision is impaired.
    [Usage] Raw food, decoct soup, extract, soak in wine, or put it into pill powder.
    [Attached party]
  2. Qiyuan Cream: Divide medlar and longan meat equally. Add water, and boil the medlar and longan with low heat for many times until they are tasteless. Remove the residue and continue to boil them into cream. 1~2 spoons each time, take it with boiling water.
    Originated from “Secret Anatomy of Life”. In this recipe, wolfberry is used to nourish the kidney and blood essence, and longan meat is used to nourish blood, calm the nerves and improve intelligence. For liver and kidney insufficiency, blood deficiency, waist and knee soreness, dizziness, tinnitus, palpitations, amnesia and other diseases.
  3. Chinese wolfberry essence cream: Chinese wolfberry and polygonatum are equally divided. Add water and boil it for many times on low fire. After the residue is removed and concentrated, add some honey and mix well. Boil it until it is cold. 1~2 spoons each time, take it with boiling water.
    Originated from Zunsheng Bajian (Baozhen Dantian Erjing Pill). Lycium barbarum L. and Huangjing are commonly used drugs in ancient times to prolong the life of anti-aging people. When used in combination, they have better effects of tonifying the liver and kidney, replenishing essence and blood. The original formula said: “Take it often to help and strengthen the essence; fill the elixir, invigorate the blood circulation and stop the appearance…” Therefore, it can be taken for premature senility, insufficient blood essence of liver and kidney, lumbago and fatigue, tinnitus and dizziness, amnesia, and facial attenuation.
  4. Qiwei tea: Chinese wolfberry, Schisandra, etc. Research into the rough end. 9~15g each time, soak in boiling water to substitute tea.
    Originated from The Eight Wonderful Prescriptions of Life Taking. In this recipe, wolfberry is used to replenish yin essence, and schisandra chinensis is used to replenish qi, stimulate fluid and astringe sweat. It is used for people with insufficient qi and yin, who cannot adapt to the hot climate in summer. They often suffer from dizziness, fatigue, sore feet, upset and spontaneous sweating, reduced diet, and weak pulse in summer.
  5. Lycium barbarum seedling
    The tender stems and leaves of Lycium barbarum, a solanaceous herb. It is also called Dixian seedling, medlar tip, medlar seedling, medlar vegetable, beet, and medlar sprout. It is distributed in most areas of China. Picked in spring and summer, washed and used fresh. It can also be dried in the sun.
    [Performance] It tastes slightly bitter, sweet and cool. It can clear heat and brighten eyes.
    [Reference] Lycium barbarum leaves contain betaine β- Glutosterol glucoside, tannin, rutin, vitamin B1, C, valine, alanine, lysine, glycine, glutamic acid, aspartic acid, proline, serine, tyrosine, arginine and other amino acids, succinic acid, malic acid and other organic acids, and medlar sterone A, B and other components.
    [Purpose] It is used for blindness and night blindness caused by liver yin deficiency or liver heat, or red and astringent eyes, pannus; Empty vexation and fever, thirst and dry mouth; Weak fire toothache.
    [Usage] Fried soup, cold mix or stir fry.
    [Attached party]
  6. Sugarbeet mulberry leaf soup: 50g fresh medlar seedlings, 30g fresh plantain, 15g fresh mulberry leaves. Add proper amount of water to make soup.
    All items in this prescription are sweet and cool, which can clear the liver and eyes without bitter diarrhea. It is used for liver meridian with heat, red eyes, astringent pain, and excessive sleep.
  7. Fried eggs with medlar sprouts: 2 eggs, add 30g fresh medlar seedlings (finely cut), a little salt, mix well, and fry cooked food with cooking oil.
    Lycium barbarum seedlings can clear the liver, and eggs can nourish the blood, both of which can brighten the eyes. It is used for liver deficiency and blood deficiency, dim eyes, dryness, or night blindness.
    If lycium barbarum seedlings are reused, there is only one egg, and cooked food can also clear kidney meridian deficiency fire. Treat toothache and loose teeth.
  8. Medlar tea: 30g fresh medlar seedlings (or 10g dried). Soak in boiling water instead of tea.
    Originated from Medicinal Materia Medica. We take medlar seedlings to clear away heat and annoyance. Swelling due to yin deficiency and fever, and thirsty and thirsty.
    New Materia Medica · Lycium barbarum Fruit Lycium barbarum, sweet and bitter in taste, slightly warm in air, non-toxic. Gansu is better. It enters the kidney and liver. It can clear ears and eyes, calm nerves, resist cold and heat, prolong life, add essence and firm marrow, and strengthen bones and tendons. Nourishing yin will not cause yin to decline, and revitalizing yang will often promote yang. It can also quench thirst, especially for fatigue. The ground bark is the root of Chinese wolfberry. The nature is very cold, enter Shaoyin kidney, and start with Shaoyang triple energizer. Xie Chuan said that the body is heated by sweat muscle, which can cure rheumatism, rheumatism, rheumatism and arthralgia on the surface without sweat. It can remove the evil heat in the five internal organs, facilitate urination and urination, strengthen yin and tendons, and cool blood and bones. The two medicines are produced in the same book, but the temperature and cold are different, and the treatment is also different? Covered with lycium barbarum, it is born with the qi of yin and yang. Those who are close to the earth will get Yin Qi; Those who are close to the heaven will get the Qi of Yang. If you get Yang Qi, you will benefit Yang. If you get Yin Qi, you will benefit Yin? However, Yang is beneficial to Yin, while Yin is not beneficial to Yang. Heaven and earth can be both, and the earth cannot cover the sky. Therefore, wolfberry is beneficial to Yang and yin, and earth bone is beneficial to Yin but not to Yang. However, both of them are not monarchical drugs, and can be the general of local benefits. Lycium barbarum is used to invigorate the yang, while the earthnut bark is used to soothe the yin.
    Chinese wolfberry works best
    Lycium barbarum L. is a kind of yin tonifying medicine with the functions of tonifying liver and kidney, improving eyesight and moistening lung. Among them, lycium barbarum polysaccharide can help to reduce blood sugar, blood lipid, delay aging, anti-oxidation, regulate the immune activity of the body, anti-tumor, and protect the liver. It is believed that many people have known its role in improving eyesight, protecting memory, improving hematopoietic function, improving reproductive function and reducing fever.
    Although Lycium barbarum L. has many advantages, its efficacy is limited when used alone. If it is used in combination with chrysanthemum, ophiopogon japonicus, rehmannia glutinosa and radix rehmanniae, it can play a synergistic role. Therefore, when we make soup, we might as well——
    With Ophiopogon japonicus
    It is used for heat diseases that damage yin, yin deficiency, lung dryness, and thirst (diabetes), and has a coordinating effect;
    With chrysanthemum
    It can be used for blurred vision and cloud caused by deficiency of liver and kidney, and has the effect of brightening the eyes;
    Cooked Rehmannia glutinosa
    It can be used for waist and knee weakness, irregular menstruation, spermatorrhea, premature senility, etc. due to liver and kidney yin deficiency, as well as dizziness, tinnitus, dizziness, etc. due to insufficient blood essence of liver and kidney;
    Codonopsis lanceolata
    It is used for cough and throat dryness, yin deficiency and phthisis, thirst elimination, heat disease and yin injury of lung and stomach yin injury.
    Health tips:
    However, it should be noted that although lycium barbarum is suitable for people of all ages, it is not suitable for everyone. Because lycium barbarum is a sweet and nourishing drug, it is usually not easy to digest. Therefore, indigestion and diarrhea caused by weakness of the spleen and stomach should be used with caution.
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    The processing method is to winnow the impurities and remove the residual stems and pedicels. The Compendium: “If you use Chinese wolfberry, you can clean the branches and stems. If you use it brightly, you can wash it. The wine will run overnight, and it will be mashed and used as medicine.”
    [Textual Research]: From the Records of Famous Doctors: “Lycium barbarum grows in the plains of Changshan and the banks of various hills. It is used to pick roots in winter, leaves in spring and summer, stems and fruits in autumn, and dried in the shade.” ② Mengxi Bi Tan: “Lycium barbarum, a rare native of Shaanxi, is more than ten feet tall and can be used as a pillar. Its leaves are several inches long, without thorns, and its root bark is as thick as a tree. It is sweet and different from those in other places.” Thousand Golden Wings “says that Ganzhou is true, and its leaves are thick and big. It generally comes from the counties in the west of the river, followed by those on the ridges between the rivers and lakes. It is as round as a cherry. It has fewer seeds, is as dry as a cake, and is extremely creamy and tasty.” ③《

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