Ningxia wolfberry planting area will reach 200,000 mu in 2021

Ningxia wolfberry

On December 15, farmers prepared cuttings of wolfberry seedlings in the plantation of the Qixin Wolfberry Seedlings Professional Cooperative in Zhongning County. As the color of spring is getting stronger, Zhongning County, Zhongwei City, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, has begun spring ploughing of wolfberry. Zhongning County in Ningxia is the “Hometown of Chinese Wolfberry”. In 2021, the county’s wolfberry planting area will reach 200,000 mu, and the annual output of wolfberry dried fruit will reach 45,000 tons. Last year, the comprehensive industrial output value reached 10.2 billion yuan.
Ningxia wolfberry, a specialty of Ningxia, China’s national geographical indication product.

Lycium barbarum, also known as Lycium barbarum fruit, white pimple needle, and other rice cloth. It belongs to Solanaceae. Fruit, root bark and tender leaves can be used as Chinese medicine. Mainly distributed in Ningxia, Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang and other places. Ningxia is the main producing area, especially the best wolfberry produced in Zhongning County, Ningxia. It is the first “Red Treasure” of “Ningxia Five Treasures”.
Ningxia is the origin of Chinese wolfberry, and it has been cultivated for more than 500 years.

Lycium barbarum has bright color, large grains, thin skin, thick flesh, few seeds, sweetness, and superior quality. It is a variety of wolfberry listed in the New Chinese Pharmacopoeia. The State Medical Administration has designated Ningxia as the country’s medicinal wolfberry producing area and introduced it to the ten One of the major medicinal material production bases. In the Compendium of Materia Medica by Li Shizhen, an outstanding medical scientist in the Ming Dynasty, Ningxia wolfberry is listed as the top grade in the classics. It is said that “the national wolfberry is used as a medicine and is produced in Ningxia”, which means that Ningxia wolfberry is domestic in terms of efficacy and nutritional value. Forefront.

On May 18, 2004, the former General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine approved the implementation of geographical indication product protection for “Ningxia wolfberry”

The main characteristics of Ningxia wolfberry: the wolfberry is large, full, oblong, with less fleshy seeds, sweet and sweet, with a sweet aftertaste, red color, light soaking in water, light naked seeds, easy to float in water. The pH of the Loess Plateau in Ningxia is suitable for the growth of wolfberry. The temperature difference between day and night is large, and there is sufficient sunshine during the day. Compared with other places, wolfberry has long fruit, bright red color and richer nutrition.

Another feature of Ningxia’s wolfberry is that it takes a handful and squeezes it hard in your hand. After loosening, the wolfberry grains are loose, and the grains will not stick together.

The fruit contains about 0.1% Betaine; the dried fruit contains 107 mg/g calcium, 10.1 mg/g iron, and 208 mg/g phosphorus; the water content of high-quality fruits is less than 13%. Lipids 8.72%, reducing sugars 34.83%, total sugars 37.95%; with vitamin A 277.06IU/g, vitamin C23.1%, thiamine 0.23 mg%, riboflavin 0.33 Mg%, niacin 1.7 mg%, still contains a variety of amino acids: leucine, isoleucine, phenylalanine, valine, tyrosine, proline, alanine, glycine, lysine Acid and glutaric acid, Lyceamin and Trimethylglycine are also found. Β-sitosterol, lanolin and diosgenin were also isolated from the fruit. The peel contains physalis red and zeaxanthin.
From Lycium barbarum L. Nicotinamide, scopolactone, vanillic acid, solanolide A, B (Withanolide A, B) and glycosides such as rutin, β-sitosterol-D-glucoside were isolated from the leaves of Chinense.

Lycium barbarum amine, a component that causes hypotension in rats, is isolated from the roots. It is also reported that a neutral volatile component () 3-hydroxy-7,8-dehydro-β-rutone was isolated from the root of wolfberry for the first time, and the root bark still contains cinnamic acid, a large amount of phenolic substances, and linoleum. Acid, linolenic acid, monoacid, saponin and other ingredients.

For modern people, the most practical effect of wolfberry is anti-fatigue and lowering blood pressure. In addition, wolfberry can protect the liver, lower blood sugar, soften blood vessels, lower blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels, and have certain curative effects on fatty liver and diabetes patients. According to clinical medicine verification, wolfberry can also treat chronic renal failure.

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